How is Car Theft Without Keys Done?
Car theft without keys, also known as keyless car theft or relay theft, is a method used by criminals to steal vehicles without physically having access to the keys. This type of theft has become increasingly common with the advancement of technology in modern cars. In this article, we will explore how car theft without keys is done and discuss some preventive measures that can be taken to protect against it.
One of the most common techniques used in car theft without keys is known as relay theft. This method involves two criminals working together using electronic devices to intercept the signal between the car key and the car itself. The first criminal, known as the “transmitter,” stands near the targeted vehicle while the second criminal, known as the “receiver,” stands near the owner’s house. The transmitter uses a device to amplify the signal emitted by the car key, while the receiver uses another device to capture this amplified signal. By relaying the signal between the two devices, the criminals are able to trick the car into thinking that the key is nearby, allowing them to unlock and start the vehicle.
Another method used in car theft without keys is known as key programming. This technique involves using specialized equipment to reprogram the car’s electronic control unit (ECU) or immobilizer system. By gaining access to the car’s OBD-II port, which is usually located under the dashboard, the criminals can connect their equipment and overwrite the existing key codes stored in the ECU. Once the key codes are changed, the criminals can use a blank key or a cloned key to start the car and drive away.
In addition to relay theft and key programming, criminals may also resort to other methods to steal cars without keys. For example, they may use lock picking tools to gain access to the vehicle or use a device to jam the car’s central locking system, preventing the owner from locking the doors. Criminals may also use tow trucks or flatbeds to physically remove the vehicle from its location without needing the keys.
To protect against car theft without keys, there are several preventive measures that can be taken. One of the most effective ways is to use a steering wheel lock or a gear shift lock. These devices act as a visible deterrent, making it more difficult for thieves to steal the car. Additionally, installing a car alarm or an immobilizer system can also help deter criminals. These systems are designed to detect unauthorized access and prevent the car from being started without the correct key or code.
Another preventive measure is to store car keys in a secure location, away from doors and windows. Criminals often use a technique called “fishing” to steal car keys by reaching through letterboxes or using long poles with hooks to grab keys left near entry points. By keeping keys out of sight and in a secure location, the risk of them being stolen is significantly reduced.
It is also important to be cautious of where the car is parked. Parking in well-lit areas or in secure parking lots can help deter thieves. Additionally, using a steering wheel lock or a gear shift lock even when the car is parked can provide an extra layer of security.
Car manufacturers are also taking steps to combat car theft without keys. Many modern cars now come equipped with advanced security features such as keyless entry systems that use rolling codes, which change each time the car is locked or unlocked. These rolling codes make it much more difficult for criminals to intercept and replicate the signal between the car key and the car.
In conclusion, car theft without keys is a growing concern due to the advancement of technology in modern cars. Criminals use various methods such as relay theft and key programming to steal vehicles without physically having access to the keys. However, by taking preventive measures such as using steering wheel locks, storing keys securely, and parking in well-lit areas, car owners can significantly reduce the risk of their vehicles being stolen. Additionally, car manufacturers are continuously improving security features to make it more difficult for criminals to steal cars without keys.